Objective-C中的占位符,打印BOOL类型数据

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所属分类:Linux编程
摘要

常用的一些占位符:%@:字符串占位符%d:整型%ld:长整型%f:浮点型%c:char类型%%:%的占位符 尽管有那么多的占位符,但是好像没有发

常用的一些占位符:
%@:字符串占位符
%d:整型
%ld:长整型
%f:浮点型
%c:char类型
%%:%的占位符

尽管有那么多的占位符,但是好像没有发现BOOL型的数据的占位符,这也是比较纠结的地方,看了一下别人是怎么解决这个问题的

 BOOL studyBool = YES;
        NSLog(@"打印BOOL型数据%@",studyBool?@"YES":@"NO");//打印BOOL型数据YES
        NSLog(@"打印BOOL型数据%d",studyBool);//打印BOOL型数据1
       
        BOOL alsoBool = NO;
        NSLog(@"打印BOOL型数据%@",alsoBool?@"YES":@"NO");//打印BOOL型数据NO
        NSLog(@"打印BOOL型数据%d",alsoBool);//打印BOOL型数据0

详细介绍:**********************************************************
%@:            Objective-C对象,印有字符串返回descriptionWithLocale:如果于的话,或描述相反.CFTypeRef工作对象,返回的结果的CFCopyDescription功能.(这个翻译有问题建议按照自己的理解方式理解)。
%%:            为'%'字符;
%d,%D,%i:  为32位整型数(int);
%u,%U:        为32位无符号整型数(unsigned int);
%hi:  为有符号的16位整型数(short);
%hu:  为无符号的16位整型数(unsigned shord);
%qi:  为有符号的64位整型数(long long);
%qu:  为无符号的64位整型数(unsigned long long);
%x:    为32位的无符号整型数(unsigned int),打印使用数字0-9的十六进制,小写a-f;
%X:    为32位的无符号整型数(unsigned int),打印使用数字0-9的十六进制,大写A-F;
%qx:  为无符号64位整数(unsigned long long),打印使用数字0-9的十六进制,小写a-f;
%qX:  为无符号64位整数(unsigned long long),打印使用数字0-9的十六进制,大写A-F;
%o,%O:  为32位的无符号整数(unsigned int),打印八进制数;
%f:      为64位的浮点数(double);
%e:      为64位的浮点数(double),打印使用小写字母e,科学计数法介绍了指数的增大而减小;
%E:      为64位的浮点数(double),打印科学符号使用一个大写E介绍指数的增大而减小;
%g:      为64位的浮点数(double),用%e的方式打印指数,如果指数小于4或者大于等于精度,那么%f的风格就会有不同体现;
%G:      为64位的浮点数(double),用%E的方式打印指数,如果指数小于4或者大于等于精度,那么%f的风格就会有不同体现;
%c:      为8位的无符号字符%c(unsigned char),通过打印NSLog()将其作为一个ASCII字符,或者,不是一个ASCII字符,八进制格式\ddd或统一标准的字符编码的十六进制格式\udddd,在这里d是一个数字;
%C:      为16位Unicode字符%C(unichar),通过打印NSLog()将其作为一个ASCII字符,或者,不是一个ASCII字符,八进制格式\ddd或统一标准的字符编码的十六进制格式\\udddd,在这里d是一个数字;
%s:      对于无符号字符数组空终止,%s系统中解释其输入编码,而不是别的,如utf-8;
%S:      空终止一系列的16位Unicode字符;
%p:      空指针(无效*),打印十六进制的数字0-9和小写a-f,前缀为0x;
%L:      在明确规定的长度下,进行修正,下面的一批数据a,A,e,E,f,F,g,G应用于双精度长整型的参数;
%a:      为64位的浮点数(double),按照科学计数法打印采用0x和一个十六进制数字前使用小写小数点p来介绍指数的增大而减小;
%A:      为64位的浮点数(double),按照科学计数法打印采用0X和一个十六进制数字前使用大写字母小数点P界扫指数的增大而减小;
%F:      为64位的浮点数(double),按照十进制表示法进行打印;
%z:      修改说明在%z长度以下d,i,o,u,x,X适用于某一指定类型的转换或者适用于一定尺寸的整数类型的参数;
%t:      修改说明在%t长度以下d,i,o,u,x,X适用于某一指定类型或一定尺寸的整数类型的转换的参数;
%j:      修改说明在%j长度以下d,i,o,u,x,X适用于某一指定类型或一定尺寸的整数类型的转换的参数。

英文文档

格式定义
The format specifiers supported by the NSString formatting methods and CFString formatting functions follow the IEEE printf specification; the specifiers are summarized in Table 1. Note that you can also use the “n$” positional specifiers such as %1$@ %2$s. For more details, see the IEEE printf specification. You can also use these format specifiers with the NSLog function.

 

Table 1 Format specifiers supported by the NSString formatting methods and CFString formatting functions

定义说明
%@Objective-C object, printed as the string returned by descriptionWithLocale: if available, or description otherwise. Also works with CFTypeRef objects, returning the result of the CFCopyDescription function.
%%‘%’ character
%d, %D, %iSigned 32-bit integer (int)
%u, %UUnsigned 32-bit integer (unsigned int)
%hiSigned 16-bit integer (short)
%huUnsigned 16-bit integer (unsigned short)
%qiSigned 64-bit integer (long long)
%quUnsigned 64-bit integer (unsigned long long)
%xUnsigned 32-bit integer (unsigned int), printed in hexadecimal using the digits 0–9 and lowercase a–f
%XUnsigned 32-bit integer (unsigned int), printed in hexadecimal using the digits 0–9 and uppercase A–F
%qxUnsigned 64-bit integer (unsigned long long), printed in hexadecimal using the digits 0–9 and lowercase a–f
%qXUnsigned 64-bit integer (unsigned long long), printed in hexadecimal using the digits 0–9 and uppercase A–F
%o, %OUnsigned 32-bit integer (unsigned int), printed in octal
%f64-bit floating-point number (double)
%e64-bit floating-point number (double), printed in scientific notation using a lowercase e to introduce the exponent
%E64-bit floating-point number (double), printed in scientific notation using an uppercase E to introduce the exponent
%g64-bit floating-point number (double), printed in the style of %e if the exponent is less than –4 or greater than or equal to the precision, in the style of %f otherwise
%G64-bit floating-point number (double), printed in the style of %E if the exponent is less than –4 or greater than or equal to the precision, in the style of %f otherwise
%c8-bit unsigned character (unsigned char), printed by NSLog() as an ASCII character, or, if not an ASCII character, in the octal format \\ddd or the Unicode hexadecimal format \\udddd, where d is a digit
%C16-bit Unicode character (unichar), printed by NSLog() as an ASCII character, or, if not an ASCII character, in the octal format \\ddd or the Unicode hexadecimal format \\udddd, where d is a digit
%sNull-terminated array of 8-bit unsigned characters. %s interprets its input in the system encoding rather than, for example, UTF-8.
%SNull-terminated array of 16-bit Unicode characters
%pVoid pointer (void *), printed in hexadecimal with the digits 0–9 and lowercase a–f, with a leading 0x
%LLength modifier specifying that a following a, A, e, E, f, F, g, or G conversion specifier applies to a long double argument
%a64-bit floating-point number (double), printed in scientific notation with a leading 0x and one hexadecimal digit before the decimal point using a lowercase p to introduce the exponent
%A64-bit floating-point number (double), printed in scientific notation with a leading 0X and one hexadecimal digit before the decimal point using a uppercase P to introduce the exponent
%F64-bit floating-point number (double), printed in decimal notation
%zLength modifier specifying that a following d, i, o, u, x, or X conversion specifier applies to a size_t or the corresponding signed integer type argument
%tLength modifier specifying that a following d, i, o, u, x, or X conversion specifier applies to a ptrdiff_t or the corresponding unsigned integer type argument
%jLength modifier specifying that a following d, i, o, u, x, or X conversion specifier applies to a intmax_t or uintmax_t argument

 

平台依赖
Mac OS X uses several data types—NSInteger, NSUInteger,CGFloat, and CFIndex—to provide a consistent means of representing values in 32- and 64-bit environments. In a 32-bit environment, NSInteger and NSUInteger are defined as int and unsigned int, respectively. In 64-bit environments, NSInteger and NSUInteger are defined as long and unsigned long, respectively. To avoid the need to use different printf-style type specifiers depending on the platform, you can use the specifiers shown in Table 2. Note that in some cases you may have to cast the value.

 

Table 2 Format specifiers for data types

类型定义建议
NSInteger%ld or %lxCast the value to long
NSUInteger%lu or %lxCast the value to unsigned long
CGFloat%f or %g%f works for floats and doubles when formatting; but see below warning when scanning
CFIndex%ld or %lxThe same as NSInteger
pointer%p%p adds 0x to the beginning of the output. If you don’t want that, use %lx and cast to long.
long long%lld or %llxlong long is 64-bit on both 32- and 64-bit platforms
unsigned long long%llu or %llxunsigned long long is 64-bit on both 32- and 64-bit platforms

 

The following example illustrates the use of %ld to format an NSInteger and the use of a cast.

 

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NSInteger i = 42;
printf ( "%ld\n", ( long )i );

 

In addition to the considerations mentioned in Table 2, there is one extra case with scanning: you must distinguish the types for float and double. You should use %f for float, %lf for double. If you need to use scanf (or a variant thereof) with CGFloat, switch to double instead, and copy the double to CGFloat.

 

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CGFloat imageWidth;
double tmp;
sscanf (str, "%lf", &tmp );
imageWidth =tmp;
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